Colonna Fountain

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The fountain of the Piazza Colonna might be the "Fountain of Youth," for the freshness of its marbles makes it seem to date from yesterday, whereas it is in reality one of the oldest fountains of modern Rome. It was constructed three hundred and twentyfive years ago, and belongs to that period when the Acqua Vergine (Trevi Water) was the only water with which to feed a fountain. As the Acqua Vergine has not suffi­cient head to rise to any great height, and as its supply is in continuous and widespread use for domestic pur­poses, the designs for the fountains which it furnishes have to be low, and the sculptor or architect must rely for his effect not upon any lavish supply of water but upon the beauty of his materials and his own imagina­tion. The fountains of Giacomo della Porta show the practical difficulties with which he had to contend, and the felicity of his genius in overcoming the limitation. His fountain of the " Tartarughe " is a work of art, and as such can be admired without the aid of the water. The two side fountains in the Piazza Navona, also his creations, were quite lovely before Bernini decorated one and artists of the nineteenth century the other with fantastic sculpture. His fountain of the Piazza Colonna has been less tampered with and, standing in full sunlight or darkened by the vast shadow of the Antonine Column, it remains, in its quiet beauty, a masterpiece among the Roman fountains. It is a grace­ful, hectagonal receptacle, half basin, half drinking-trough, composed of different kinds of Porta Santa marble. These are joined together with straps of Car­rara ornamented by lions' heads.* Its waters come to it from a vase of antique shape standing in the centre. From the shallow bowl of this central vase the water gushes upward to fall over the rim in a soft, unbroken, silvery stream, and through this vestal's veil the Car­rara, to which the waters have given a wonderful sur­face, gleams in unsullied freshness and beauty. Two tiny jets, set midway on either side between the ends of the fountain and the vase in the centre, bring an additional volume and add to the animation of the pool. The vase in the centre is represented in an old engraving by Falda as being much lower than the present one and carved in crowded leaflike onvolutions, like the vase of the Scossa Cavalli foun­tain. By 1829 this bit of old travertine sculpture had be­come so misshapen that the artist Stocchi, by order of Leo XII, replaced it by the present Carrara vase, add­ing at that time to either end of the trough the small groups of shells and dolphins.

* The ornamental detail of the " Sixtine lion " looks as if this foun­tain, like the Tartarughe, had been finished in the pontificate follow­ing Gregory XIII's-that is, in the pontificate of Sixtus V.

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